Shallots Growing Guide

Allium ascalonicum


Crop Rotation Group

Allium (Onion family) 


Fertile, well drained soil with compost dug in. In clay soil, use raised beds or rows.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant



Not normally required.


Single Plants: 5" (15cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 3" (10cm) with 5" (15cm) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Set individual cloves in prepared ground in the fall. They will root during the winter, and multiply into a cluster in late spring or early summer. Alternatively, plant first thing in spring, or grow from seed and set out seedlings in early spring.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Used in place of onions for concentrated flavor.


Harvest in early summer when the tops begin to fail, and the bulbs have divided into several plump bulblets. If storing shallots, cure in a dry place for 10 days after pulling the plants.


Onion root maggots can cause plants to collapse. Remove infested plants.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Shallots

Plant Diseases which Affect Shallots