Nicotiana Growing Guide

Nicotiana tabacum


Crop Rotation Group

Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) 


Average garden soil with excellent drainage.


Full sun to partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant

None. Nicotiana is a warm-natured flower.


Fast growth is encouraged by mixing a balanced organic fertiliser into the soil before planting. In midsummer, drench plants with a liquid fertiliser to stimulate late-season blooming.


Upright nicotiana combines well with mound-forming flowers like portulaca or lobelia. Many varieties are fragrant.


Single Plants: 30cm (11") each way (minimum)
Rows: 30cm (11") with 30cm (11") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Set out stocky seedlings from spring to early summer, after the soil has warmed. When starting the tiny seeds indoors, barely cover them with moist seed-starting mix.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Very tall varieties benefit from staking. Nicotiana colours include white, pink, red, purple, lime green and yellow.


As flowers fade, snip them off the flowering spikes with scissors to keep the plants looking neat.


Aphids and slugs can require management. Some people are sensitive to nicotiana leaf sap and should dress defensively when working around the plants.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

< Back to All Plants

Pests which Affect Nicotiana